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Mental Health in Teens
By Aliriss Myers
Some teens may or may not be lazy, but did you know that mental health 
may take a big part in that lazy feeling? Some feelings amongst teens may affect how 
they act or function, for example teens with depression are more likely to start feeling 
helpless while their daily motivation to complete work plummets. It is not just laziness; 
depression is a big factor to how people with it act daily. Depression is a mood disorder, which is common amongst people of all races, genders, and ages. One in six people will experience a major depressive episode in their lifetime, and up to 16 million adults each year suffer from clinical depression. An article in 2019 states, “Depression has become increasingly common amongst American teenagers—especially teen girls...” (Article will be linked below.) The total number of teenagers that have experienced depression has increased by %59, teen girls’ growth of that feeling had been faster by %66. While some symptoms of the disorder may not seem apparent, feelings are still there, and that is why it is important to try and communicate with your teen daily and ask how they are often, even if it is just small talk. Behavior may be greatly or lowly effected too, sometimes it even interferes with daily life, such as school, or the ability for them to complete their schoolwork. One of the most common feelings is tiredness, changes in appetite, isolating themselves, having insomnia or sleeping too much, poor performance in activities, outbursts, and the disorder sometimes even gets to the point where hygiene and appearance are greatly affected. Those can all greatly increase into a situation where you, nor your teen, would ever want to be in, so that is why it is always important for you to look out for your teen and be alert of how they feel. Depression can greatly affect lives of most people with it and there are even some real-life examples and experiences that can prove that. 
Is there a way to prevent your teen from having depression? From what I know, 
there is no way to 100% prevent it, but a great way to help grow from it is to always be 
there for your child. Sometimes it is hard to grow up feeling like you are all alone in the world and hopeless, but someone being by your side is always the greatest reassurance you can have. It is never good to be alone, especially while you are struggling and could use a helping hand, but you do not have to struggle alone, many others are by your side in the fight of beating and overcoming those overwhelming feelings. Yes, there is treatment for depression. Such as therapy, speaking to a mental health professional, and going to a doctor. It is likely that the symptoms just do not get better on their own, and often teens will need assistance in overcoming them. If depression is untreated, the outcome is most likely to not be well. If you ever know someone that may be struggling, do not wait to get help as it could save a life. Speak

to someone you can trust with that information, such as a guardian, close friend, school nurse, teacher, et cetera. 




Ways To Manage School Stress
by Lauren Yousif 

School can come with a lot of work which is a lot of pressure causing a lot of stress. Many students can be overwhelmed by the work they have and might not be able to manage the pressure and stress they are going through. Not taking care of your stress can lead to bigger things like depression and anxiety, but knowing how to manage your stress can help you out.

1. Progressive Muscle Relaxation
The best way to do this is to lie down in a comfortable position and tense your leg muscle. While doing this exercise, make sure to breathe in and out for 5 to 10 seconds. Do this to different parts of your body, breathing calmly. This should help reduce stress.

2. Understand Emotions
Understanding your emotions and knowing what you are going through is a great way to cope with your stress. Being aware that you are stressed and unhappy can help you focus on what it is that is making you feel this way and find ways to deal with it. Sharing your thoughts and feelings
with others is a great way as well.

3. Get Enough Sleep
Teens get really distracted and are used to staying up late. Being sleep-deprived can make it harder for you to pay attention and learn which would make you behind on the work you have. Having deprived sleep makes it more difficult to learn and is linked to lower grade point

4. Guided Imagery
Guided imagery can also be a useful and effective tool to help stressed students cope with academic, social, and other stressors. Visualizations can help you calm down, detach from what’s stressing you, and reduce your body’s stress response.

5. Listen To Music
Research has shown that playing upbeat music can improve speed and memory. Listening to relaxing music may also help stressed students calm down and relax their bodies as well as their mind. Music is a great way to stimulate your mind depending on what you need at the

6. Eat a Healthy Diet
Eating a healthy diet can either boost your brainpower or give you mental energy. It can also make you more reactive to the stress in your life. A healthy diet can help combat stress in several ways. Improving your diet can keep you from experiencing diet-related mood swings, light-headedness, and more.


7. Exercise
Research has found that students who participate in regular physical activity report lower levels of perceived stress. Students can do yoga, walking, biking, taking a jog, or any physical activity.

8. Make a Work Schedule
Having a pile of homework that you have to catch up on may be really stressful, making it hard to stay calm. Planning a time to help prevent your work from piling up can be really helpful. Getting a planner may be really useful too. Write down what you have to do and a certain time
and stick to that plan each day.

9. Make Time For Self
Never stress yourself with having to do too much. You don’t have to spend all day and night trying to finish or catch up on something. Rather you can take time for yourself. Whether it’s going out with a friend, watching a movie you like, or just simply relaxing on your bed, making
time for yourself to manage stress is always great.

10 Accept
Lastly, accept your environment. A student may be stressed and worried, but being upset about all the work they have will not make it any better or change the amount of homework they have to do. It is best to know and understand what is going on and know what lifestyle to choose to make things better.


Self    Love

Ariana Torresdey
Self-love is a state of appreciation for oneself that grows from actions that support our physical, psychological, and spiritual growth. Self-love means having a high regard for your own well-being and happiness. It means taking care of your own needs and not sacrificing your well-being to please others.
Self-love means not settling for less than you deserve.
Self-love can mean something different for each person because we all have many ways to take care of ourselves.

Figuring out what self-love looks like for you as an individual is an important part of your mental health.
For starters, it can mean-
i. Talking to and about yourself with love
ii. Prioritizing yourself
iii. Giving yourself a break from Self-judgement
iv. Trusting yourself
v. Being true to yourself
vi. Being nice to yourself
vii. Setting healthy boundaries
Forgiving yourself when you are not being true or nice to yourself
For many people, self-love is another way to self-care. To practice self-care, we often need to go back to basics and Listen to our bodies. Take breaks from work and move/ stretch, Put the phone down and connect to yourself or others or do something creative. Eating healthily, but sometimes indulge in your favorite foods.

How To Manage Stress

By Ban Nabeel
A lot of us are facing overwhelming, stressful situations. This can take a toll on our mental health and make us lose all hope and motivation in life. However, there are a lot of ways you can lessen the stress and ease your mind. Sometimes, social media can have a negative impact on us, watching other people’s lives and wishing you had their life, or even seeing a lot of negative news could potentially mess with your head, hearing about traumatic events constantly can be upsetting. Stay off social media, until you feel better, or shorten your time using it. Avoid using any drugs, e-cigarettes, vapes, or even alcohol to distract yourself. They will create additional problems in the long term, they only give you a temporary distraction. Take good care of yourself,run yourself a warm bath, meditate, do a short workout, something to get you out of bed, this will help take your mind off whatever is stressing you out. Making sure you take a break and spending time with yourself will calm you down. If you have been doing homework for hours, or working for so long, taking a little time to yourself, and doing what you enjoy, whether that’s watching a movie, doing your makeup, or baking. It’s always good to give yourself a break after a stressful event.


Ariana Torresdey
Most of the time
, a negative mindset overpowers a positive one; we often find ourselves feeling gloomy and unmotivated. We are in control of our minds but we forget that and dig ourselves deep into a dark place. When you change your mindset, you can achieve more and feel great.

Some ways you can do this can be to see the bright side of things instead of always focusing on the negative. You can also go out and do things to better a situation or thought. You can vent to someone you trust, do yoga, or meditate. This helps you find your inner peace, gravitating away from those awful thoughts.

Judging is a hugely negative thing all humans do and tends to make us feel worse after we do it. Focus on what you are grateful for and do what makes you happy. You will feel alive again. 

Flower Language
By Aliriss Myers
Did you know that flower language was one of the neatest and most interesting forms
of communication during the 19th century? The flower language originated in France and soon
soared in Victorian England and the United States. The first popular book revolving around the subject
was posted in 1819, by Charlotte de la Tour, with around 300 meanings for flowers and how
they should be arranged in bouquets to display a message. Young women in North America and
Britain became the most interested in the new idea of sending messages through flowers, and
so then came many books that were inspired by the topic. However, Britain and American
writers did make a few changes to French culture, changing the meanings of some flowers,
as well as discarding Roman Catholic symbols. This did not change the popularity, however.
Many people still sent blooms, blossoms, flowers, bouquets, and plants to send coded
messages to the receiver, allowing the sender to be able to send words that may or may not
have been able to be spoken at the time.

In forms of literature, popular artists such as Shakespeare used the language of flower to his advantage in his writing, being said to use the word “flower” over 100 times in his texts and his plays. In Hamlet, Ophelia mentions and explains the symbolic meanings of different flowers. In one of J.K. Rowling’s 1997 novels, one of
the character uses flower language to express regret and mourning for one of his childhood
friends’ deaths.
The meaning of flowers in communication comes from the symbolism and backstory
behind the flower, the same goes with plants. Flowers with different colors were a trick to send,
especially roses. If you get the wrong color of a rose, you may portray the wrong
message and give someone the wrong feeling instead of your intended one. Such as the red
rose, meaning to state true love, and a yellow rose, which can either state friendships, apology,
heartbreak, or jealousy. I do not need to state what would be the outcome of the situation
unless you were able to put it all together, therefore colors of the flowers are very important.
Let us take another color of a rose for a different example, the white rose. White roses that are
in good condition could mean silence, innocence, or purity—while wilted or dry white roses
mean sorrow or denial. Need a rose-less example? Carnations are a good example, prior to
belief. A solid color of carnation could mean affirmation, or a yes—while striped carnations
mean rejection. Therefore, using bouquets for messages is also important and easier for some,
being able to use multiple flowers to convey an easier message or conclusion for the receiver.
The meanings of flowers could also be different for certain cultures or religions, and different plants
may even be used, so it is wise to be cautious about what flowers you would use for a message.
In the 20th century, flower language popularity had begun to fade and was soon greatly
forgotten about nationwide, though interest in flower language had recently begun to rise. The

The Duchess of Cambridge even used the meanings of the flowers to pick out which she wanted in her
wedding bouquet. Overall, flower language is just an interesting concept with many histories
behind it, and it is wonderful to explore. Even though it may not be the most popular or trendy
thing today, I still find it to be a very nice and cute idea

Heartbreak Playlist.

Esmerelda Fuentes

Here is some song to set the mood for the valentines and for those that are heartbreaking.
English songs.

  • Take care- Drake

  • Lovely- Billie Eilish

  • Someone you loved -Lewis Capaldi

  • I fall apart- Stoney (Deluxe)

  • Unsteady- X Ambassadors

  • Sad- XXXTentacion

  • All I ever need- Austin Mahone

  • Losing control-Russ

  • Numb- Linkin Park

  • Ex- Kiana Lede

Spanish songs

  • Calidad- Group Firme

  • Antes que se Vaya- Marco Soriano

  • Favorita- Dalex Favela

  • Maquina del tiempo- Jay Wheeler

  • Tu Turno- Karen Mendez

  • Sola- Adely

  • Siri- Romeo Santos

  • Esta Danada- Ivan Cornejo

  • Amor Tumbado- Nathanael Cano

  • Recuerda- Marca MP

History of Valentines

By Angel Fraere
Valentine’s day also known as saint valentine’s day originates as a Christian holiday. The holiday honored saint valentine a roman catholic priest who died in the 3rd century for his strong faith in Jesus. We associate Saint Valentine with love and marriage because he is in fact the patron saint of love and marriage. Over the years the holiday has changed from going from religious to more of a mainstream commercial holiday such as saint Patrick’s and Christmas. The whole base of the holiday started off in England and eventually made its way to the United States. Many businesses saw this as a way of making money and began to sell chocolates, flowers, and of course valentines day letters. The holiday makes around a billion dollars annually in the U.S. It is also celebrated by many countries around the world every year to celebrate and gift something to those we love and cherish with our hearts.

How to Stay Organized in High School

by Iliana Martinez

Everyone knows that keeping up and staying organized with school isn’t always the easiest but, here are some ways to stay organized in school.

o Keep track of any assignments that you have, that way you can see when you have an assignment and cross it off once it’s done.
o Taking really good notes is also a really good way to stay
organized especially when using colored pens to make things even more organized.
o Writing the dates of important things coming up like tests or an assignment due dates to keep in mind when a good time to study is.
o Keep things separate for different classes so you don’t mix up your work.
o Lastly, just keep up with things so you dont fall
behind. It is one of the best ways to stay organized.

      Ways Teens Can           Procrastinate Less
by Lauren Yousif

While many think procrastination is a form of laziness, it may be something deeper than that. Many of us have put away a task in our lives at least once. In psychology, it has long been believed that people who procrastinate have a faulty sense of time that they think they will have more time to get something done than they do. More recent
research has suggested procrastination is linked to difficulty managing distress. Many teens view a task as boring and not something they are willing to dedicate their time to, making them put it off more often. While procrastinators may be trying to avoid distress, this approach can ironically cause more distress in the long run. Procrastination can lead to increased stress, health problems, and poorer performance. Procrastinators tend to have more sleep issues and experience greater stressful regret than non-procrastinators. Being a teen and managing all your schoolwork can be stressful, but there are some ways that can help achieve the goal of not procrastinating as much.

  • The first thing is to stop making a huge deal about something. Viewing things as way harder and more impossible than it should be. If we put away these negative thoughts and just look at it as a simple task that can be finished in a short amount of time, we can get it done and not have to worry about it later.

  • Another goal to look at is what will be the outcome of it. If you are holding off on doing an assignment that is due, think of it like by the time you go to school you can turn it in and be completed with it and do whatever else you want that day then stress your work the next day after as well. As you establish your schedule, set yourself up for success. Projects often take much longer than expected, so put in some extra time. Look for ways to make it easier on yourself. For example, if you are not a morning person, don’t expect yourself to get up an hour early to start the exercise program you have put off for months. It might be better to schedule that activity during lunch or before dinner. Always have it fit in with your schedule, so you are more open to doing it.

  • You may also chunk your pieces. If you are too worried this task might take too much of your time, chunk it. Do not let it just sit there “to complete all at once”. Take piece by piece and do a little bit of what it is each day or every few days to help you get through the process. Another thing to learn is there won’t be a time when you’re in the mood for it so just use the time you have and get on your way to finishing it. Establish specific deadlines for completing a task.

  • Then find someone who will help you be accountable. It could be a promise to your teacher or school partner that you will complete the job by a certain date. It may be a coach who helps you stay on track. You can also  find an accountability partner. In this relationship, you connect with someone at certain times and commit to what you will do before your next meeting. Not wanting to go back on your word, can be a great way to squash procrastination.

  • Many teens cannot stay focused on anything since their phones and technology are in the way. Putting your phone away or shutting it off for a little while is a great way to not get distracted. You can also try establishing a reward if you do what you set out to do. Do not let yourself binge that new Netflix show, check your social media, or get lunch until you complete what you've scheduled. So instead of using these tasks and distractions to procrastinate, make them focused on you finishing what you schedule yourself to do. You should always remind yourself of your goals. Remind yourself of how they connect to a more meaningful goal such as you’re completing the project at school because you want to achieve a good grade, or your eating healthy snacks for the week because you want to be healthy.

These goals can help you be more focused on bettering yourself and achieving them faster. There are many ways to stop procrastinating, and if you really put your mind to it, you can achieve this goal too.


How Motivation Comes from Within

By Ariana Torresday
Even though everyone knows the benefits of physical activity, many people would rather choose to watch TV or eat a cheeseburger over exercise. Some people even start exercising every day but quickly drop the routine because they lack of motivation. People from various industries often mention the lack of motivation as the most serious obstacle to productivity, however, it does not mean that somebody lacks any motivation. The thing is they might not have effective motivation. If you pursue any long-term goals, your motivation must be effective. For example, many successful writers point out that they write not because they just want to sell another book, they do it because they like it. Writing makes them feel happy, it fulfills them. For some this motivation comes easily while others need to struggle to develop it. My personal experience with motivation has been rough. Lately, I have had to push myself to work out even though I may be tired or unmotivated, I am glad I do this because I feel happy that I completed my work out this way I get results and feel content within. Success is not final failure is not fatal it is the courage to continue that counts.

Ways to Survive a Bad Day
By: Trinity Ruebush
A few ways to survive a bad day are listening to music, doing something you like that makes you happy to distract yourself, talking to someone, sleeping, and being
open to finding out the problem and smashing it. I believe it is very important to survive days when you feel horrible and just not motivated. A few things that work
for me to help better my day are listening to music or even a podcast, sometimes that helps me become motivated throughout the day or even just be relaxed and focused on what I am doing. Another thing that helps me is distracting myself from things that may make me feel negative and not happy in a way. I also believe
sleep is very important and affects the way your days go so it is highly recommended to get at least 8 hours of sleep. Things that are better for you are the best option to go with in every situation so even getting a breath of fresh air and taking a walk is also another way to help calm you.

10 Easy Ways to Improve Grades

By Ban Nabeel
Many students feel overwhelmed due to their grades, they play a really important role in our schools and graduating, but it’s also very important to know that your grades do not define who you are, or how intelligent you are. But here are 10 ways you can improve your grades so you’re passing.
1. Put a timer for 45 minutes, and do every assignment you have due that same day, do not focus on what’s due tomorrow, or next week, or what assignment is late, focus on what’s due today. Then take a break for 15 minutes, after the 45 minutes. However, if the 45-minute timer isn’t over, and you finished your work, start working on your missing assignments, and if you have none, get started on what’s due later.
2. It’s very hard to do your work if you do not know how to do it, the most important thing is to listen in class, listen to what the teacher is saying, learn the actual material.
3. Use a paper planner instead of the phone, this helps you manage your time and not be distracted and carried away by your phone. Planners help with knowing what’s happening that day, and what
assignments you have, and it can feel rewarding after writing all your assignments, then checking off everything you finished.
4. Develop a study schedule, if you have a test for that week, do not rush to study the night before. Have very specific time periods, so you know exactly when it is time to study.
5. Get at least 8 hours of sleep each night to avoid being tired in class and falling asleep.
6. Ask for help, once again, you can’t do the assignment if you don’t know what’s going on, don’t be embarrassed to ask for help, ask a teacher, ask your peers, and even participate in class help, keep trying
7. Study with a group, if you see everybody else doing homework, this is going to motivate you to also, be productive.
8. Keep your things organized, have folders for each class, this will also help you know what’s due, and having a clean, and organized space is super beneficial for getting to work quickly without
having to look for things, it can also help you feel more relaxed.
9. Don’t talk bad about yourself, use motivating words and phrases to encourage yourself, and pick a goal and use that as your motivation, for example, wanting to graduate with honors.
10. A lot of the time, phones are the reasons why students have low grades, they get distracted every time they have to do their assignments, so giving your phone to a parent and having them
hide it until you’re finished with everything may help. This helped me a lot, my mom would also ask to see everything I got done, before giving it to me so she knows I’m telling the truth.

Fifteen Ways to Make the Most of your Summer Break!

by Itza Guzman

1. Start an art project
2. Have a picnic with your friends
3. Stargazing with your friends
4. Plan a Scavenger around your friends
5. Plan a road trip with your friends
6. Focus on yourself
7. Find a new hobby
8. Get a summer job
9. Learn a new language to make new friends
10. Visit a museum with your friends
11. Catch up on summer reading
12. Join in a summer sports league
13. Go for a bike ride
14. Go camping with your friends
15. Listen to some new music

10 Ways to Improve Your Grades This Semester
by Aleeza Guzman

1. Take notes during a class:
- So, you will not miss any important information
2. Stay focused during your homework:
-Go to a quiet, distraction-free room and put your phone to the side
3. Do not hesitate to ask for help:
- If you are struggling do not be afraid to ask your teachers or classmates
4. Sleep well:
- try to get 8 hours of sleep so you will not be tired in class
5. Find the best study routine that works for you:
- try new strategies to see what best fits your lifestyle
6. Stay organized:
-use a planner and stay current with due dates so you will not be late turning in assignments
7. Have your own time:
- Do not burn yourself out do something you like and will help you relax
8. Ask for extra credit:
- Ask for extra credit or if you can make up any assignments this can help improve your grades
9. Prioritize your classes
-Decide which classes you need to work on the most then put more time into studying those classes
10. Get a tutor:
- if you are really struggling consider getting a tutor, they can help you understand the material better

Five ways and more to make the most of your summer break...

Esmerelda Fuentes 

Summer does not have to go to waste. Even if you’ve been astonishingly lazy and not lined up a
work placement or amazing holiday, you can still make the most of your time off. Here are some
productive ways to spend your summer...


Get a summer job
Start blogging or vlogging
Watch a movie in the park or drive-in
Nature hike
Pool Party’s
Organize summer games
Plan Vacation
Land an internship
Enjoy the outdoors
Discover new hobbies
Mini golfing
Shopping spree
Make popsicles
Go to the park

Why Teenagers should be allowed to stay up late

Angel Fraere

Most parents don’t like to allow their kids to stay up late on school nights because they think it’s bad for them. What a lot of parents don’t know is that research shows that teenagers have a later melatonin release time. This makes it difficult for most teens to become sleepy even before 11 PM hits. Not only that, but most teenagers have stressful and packed schedules and staying up late
allows them to have a moment of relaxation and peace to recollect themselves from a long day. Overall forcing teens to go to sleep before they want just isn’t a good thing to do.

Should a Student Take a Gap Year
By: Lauren Yousif

As high school is coming to an end, many seniors are not sure what path they want to take. Many want to go to college but simply don’t know when or where to start. Many students don’t want to jump right into college after they finish high school, and would rather take some time for themselves and take a gap year. Taking a gap year can help students take some time for themselves, get themselves together, invest in some money, and adapt to new things, as well as learning new things. Taking a gap year benefits people into looking more into the career field they want and see if it fits them. More and more students are taking five years or longer to finish college, perhaps because they are initially enrolling in programs that aren’t a perfect fit. A gap year can help give you the time and experience to choosing the college and program that’s best for them. Taking a gap year is great for taking trips without it getting in the way of your education. College can be an amazing experience, but in some ways it’s similar to high school. Taking a gap year after high school can be your chance to experience something totally different, which will help you appreciate the classroom structure more and also get a
refreshed perspective. People may spend their high school experience making choices based on
what they know from interacting with their family and friends. Taking a gap year gives you
the opportunity to discover options for your life that you may not have even been aware of. A
gap year is your summer break, but longer. It is your time away from school and studies and gives you 
more time to focused on yourself. Taking a gap year will help you identify who you really are and what
you really want to be. With school in the way, whether its high school or your college studies,
you will be to distracted and focused on your work and grades, you rather forget about your
goals, ambitions and who you are really trying to be. Another thing great about a gap year is it
helps you put yourself out in thereal world. Whether it’s going to new places, trying new jobs, or
knowing what the world has to offer you. A gap year may be your first opportunity to live
independently and solve problems on your own. Instead of transitioning directly into the highly
structured environment of college, gap year students choose a flexible, adaptable and
unpredictable path of adventure. This means a gap year can give you opportunities to make
mistakes, learn from failures and find ways to cope with challenges on your own. This can give
you the skills to solve complex problems and make you more resilient, tenacious, and brave
when confronted with future issues. Pursuing a gap year can help you develop your social skills
and make it easier for you to interact with others. Since gap years may include new experiences, you may have opportunities to interact with new people and make meaningful connections. You can transition into college or the workplace with improved social skills and practical tools for building strong relationships with others. Gap-year programs can connect you with internships, work experience and mentorship opportunities in a variety of industries. You can make connections with experienced individuals in different fields and start building your professional network for the future. The professional relationships you build during your gap year can help you find future employment or get valuable advice about the steps to take to achieve your ideal career path and lifestyle. Gap years are just a great way to experience new things and prepare yourself for furthermore.

The history of Chinese Lunar New Year

Chinese New Year is the biggest holiday in China and can be traced as far back as 3,500 years ago! Chinese New Year follows a different calendar then the Gregorian calendar (the
calendar most countries use) and falls somewhere between January 21 and February 20. The holiday marks the beginning of spring there and represents “the desire for new life”. Chinese New Year originated in the time of the Shang dynasty (1600-1046bc) during this time they held sacrificial ceremonies in order to ask the gods and ancestors for a good harvest for the year. Over the years the holiday has evolved and turned into a day of cleaning, celebrating, singing, eating with family, and setting off firecrackers. Sadly, the holiday was abolished by the government and the country changed its calendar to the
Gregorian calendar (1912). Then the holiday was then renamed as the spring festival in

How anxiety affects the human mind


A lot of people struggle with anxiety. Personally, I struggle with anxiety. I get hot flashes and it causes me to be not dependent and fearful. Anxiety makes it harder to try new things, to take risks in your own work or personal life, or sometimes to even leave your house. Everyone can experience anxiety in different ways, some anxiety disorders are more severe than others. Why does anxiety cause so many problems? Some studies suggest that experiencing anxiety could increase risk of developing co-dependency, heart problems, and physical health problems. As a student in High School, I know many people with anxiety, in school. It can look like leg shakes, headaches, stomachaches, racing heartbeat and/or difficulty breathing. Mentally, it can be hard to do simple equations or assignments in class. It can feel like your mind is somewhere else no matter how hard you try. Sadly, difficult experiences in childhood, adolescence, or adulthood are a common trigger for people with anxiety. If you have anxiety just know it does not define you and are not alone.

How Different Parenting Styles Affect Children
Lauren Yousif


From the day we are born until we are grown, we all have parents or parent like figures on our side.
What does it mean to be a parent? Being able to develop a child through his/her stages of growing, nurturing and caring right, as well as the act of caring for a child rather than the biological connection to a child. What makes someone a parent? That would be meeting a child’s basic needs, showing love and support, protecting the child and making them feel safe. Being a parent comes with much responsibility and each way a parent parents affects a child’s lifestyle. There are many different parents, each with their own parenting styles. One of the parenting styles is the “Supportive Parenting”. This consists of being warm and responsive, firm rules and clear boundaries, supportive rather than punishing, and providing choices for their children. Our other parenting style is “Authoritarian Parenting”. This style consists of lacking warmth and responsiveness, firm rules and clear boundaries, discipline is aimed at obedience, and giving orders. With this style the child does not trust that their needs will be met and therefore becomes emotionally distant and does not feel free to explore new surroundings. Up next is the “Permissive Parenting Style”. This parenting style makes a child feel safe and well heard. The parent is warm and responsive, seeming more like a friend than a parent, lenient with few demands, discipline
is basically non-existent, giving in often. As great as it may sound, the child lacks self-discipline, poor social skills and may become self-involved and over demanding. They may feel insecure due to a lack of boundaries. The child may adopt risky behaviors. The “Disengaged Parenting Style”. The parent in this style is lacking warmth and responsiveness, neglectful, make few demands, discipline is minimal to non- existent, giving little or nothing to the child. The child is exposed to neglectful and insensitive parenting and therefore the can become anxious, insecure, upset, angry, sad and worried. This kind of neglect can be very dangerous to a child because it affects his sense of self, self-esteem, and well-being. This impacts a child’s ability to trust — not only relationships, but also adults. It also makes him take on responsibilities far too early, robbing him of his childhood. Children of uninvolved parents often have problems with intimacy and friendship with their peers. The child does not trust that their needs will be met. According to the Education council of Australia, the supportive parenting style should be the goal of every mother and father. Parents can help their children enjoy the best possible start in life by being loving and affectionate, caring and warm. Parents should participate and engage with their children on a regular basis and establish limits to help the child understand and express their emotions, ultimately, being a good role model and protecting them from anti-social or aggressive behavior. You can provide a solid foundation for your child to lead a positive and meaningful life based on solid values. It is what parents do, rather than who they are with, that will impact a child’s development. A parent needs to
believe in their parenting abilities, have the self-confidence to raise their children well and to have the necessary skills to do so. A parent’s own health and wellbeing is also associated with good parenting. At the end of the day, parents must parent – you must be what you want to see. From a very young age, your child will mimic you and your behavior. We may have “off” days, and we all make parenting mistakes from time to time, but always remember your child is always watching. What you are teaching him through your parenting style has the potential to affect every aspect of his life from academics to his relationships with others. So choosing to be the best parent for your child is the best choice to make.

Arch welding and How it Works 

The process of arch welding is first you have to grab your welding helmet gloves and your welding jacket then you go into the shop to go and grab safety glasses and your welding rod if you are a beginner you will grab the smaller welding rods and when you are more experienced you will grab 70/18 that is the size of the welding rod and then you go into the welding booths and you set it on 120/130 depending on the rod you are using and then you turn on the machine and you hook up the clamp to piece of metal you are welding on and you have the clamp that welds your rod to your metal you put the rod in that clamp and you start welding when you strike it and get a good strike you can start moving your rod in slow circular motions as you move it down towards the piece of metal.

How to Prepare for Midterms

Angel Fraere
Many students might find themselves stressed out, not knowing how to handle midterms and some not even wanting to attend school. But almost all these things can be prevented with a little preparation ahead of time. For years the school system has decided to conveniently place testing right before Christmas, sometimes ruining the “most wonderful time of the year” for some. Although, I can’t guarantee this article will help with the academics of testing, I can say it might help with the stress of it.
 Drinking some warm tea
 Taking a hot bath/shower
 Chewing mint gum
 Listening to your idea of calming music
 Petting/hugging your pets
 Watching happy videos that induce serotonin
 Laughing
 Talking about your stresses with someone

What’s the Difference Between your Moon, Sun, and Rising Signs?

By: Trinity Ruebush
These three signs are important parts of your identity. The sun
represents your core self, the moon represents your inner-self, and
rising represents how others perceive you. These three signs can
have a major influence on you.
The sun sign is the sign that is derived from our birthdays which
most people know. The sun sign remains for about 30 days which
tells what sign you are. The sun represents identity, self, and life
purpose so this sign suggests how you feel about yourself, your
values, and the way you view the world.
The moon sign isn’t as well known as the sun sign but is still very
important to our personality. It represents what we need to feel
secure, comfortable, and loved. It influences behavior in ways we
may not be aware of because it typically rules our emotional
response. In order to find an accurate moon, sign you need to
know the date and location of your birth.
The rising sign is also known as your “ascendent” is the sign that
was ascending on the eastern horizon when you were born. The
rising sun is determined by the time, date, and location of your
birth. Your ascendant represents your public identity which you
can see it in your appearance, attitude, and overall persona
because of that its usually the first impression you make on others.

Pecan Pie Cookies
By: Trinity Ruebush
Prep Time: Cook Time: Additional Time:
20 mins 10 mins 30 mins
Total Time: Servings: Yield:
1 hrs. 24 2 dozen cookies
Cookies: Filling:
· 2 cups All-purpose flour ·¼ cup butter
· 1 tsp. baking powder · ½ cup Confectioners' sugar
· ¾ cup butter ·3 tbsp. corn starch
· 1 cup brown sugar · ¾ cup finely chopped pecans
· 1 egg
· 1 tsp. vanilla extract
Step 1: To make the filling: Melt 1/4 cup of butter in a saucepan; stir in
confectioners' sugar and corn syrup until sugar is dissolved. Bring to a boil over
medium heat, stirring often, then stir in pecans until combined. Refrigerate the
filling for 30 minutes to chill.

Step 2: To make the cookies: Preheat the oven to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C).
Sift flour and baking powder together in a bowl; set aside.
Step 3: Beat brown sugar, 3/4 cup butter, egg, and vanilla extract in a large bowl
with an electric mixer on medium speed until the mixture is creamy, about 2
minutes. Gradually beat in flour mixture to form a dough.
Step 4: Pinch off about 1 tablespoon of dough and roll into a ball; press into the
bottom of an ungreased cupcake pan cup so it lines the bottom and sides, like a pie
crust. Repeat with remaining dough. Fill each crust with about 1 teaspoon of the
prepared pecan filling.
Step 5: Bake in the preheated oven until the cookie shells are lightly browned, 10
to 13 minutes. Watch closely after 10 minutes. Let the cookies cool in the pans
briefly before removing to a wire rack to finish cooling.

With school going on a lot of students are put through stress more now to get straight A’s, with that being said here are a few things you can do to distress.

The first step is to put any work aside and put some comfy and cozy c